COMPARISONS of LANGUAGES INVOLVED
in the translation of the MAALAN AARUM

INTRODUCTION
3.1 Mound Land
3.1
When the waves were calm
in the land they left,
the decent people
lived together there
in strong hollow houses
with thick roofs
Maalan Aarum Algonquin Old Norse
Pehella
wtenk
lennapewi
tulape
wini
psakwiken
woliwikgun
wittank
talli
Pemi kegw
witawemin'k
linapiwi
touappu
win pasak wikia
woalau wiquom
wit aw emin 'k
talli
Brima kygva
vidh
aa vina 'k
hreina buui
daufrby
van bas
a thak viikja
hola veik inn
vidh
aa vina 'k
thar ii
Arrow   Arrow
After the rushing waters
were close together
Lenape of the
turtle
?missing?
in hollow houses living
together
there
left pointing arrow
original English
translation
right pointing arrow
translation
of Old Norse
(waves) surging gently
"I (stay) with friend"
(people who) are decent
deserted (solitude)
under thick roof stronghold
hollow to return (to)
"I (stay) with friend"
there in

WORD (PHRASE) BY WORD (PHRASE) DECIPHERMENT
(All references are to Sherwin’s eight volumes of the Viking and the Red Man)

Original English After the rushing waters  
Recorded sounds Pe  he  ll a 1*
Algonquin words Pemi  kegw v. 5 p. 104
Old Norse Brima  kygva WO retains last "a" 2*
Norse/English (waves) Surging gently  
     
Original English were close together English word order changed 3*
Recorded sounds w t    en     k "k" sound could have been "ek" (I)
Algonquin words wit  aw emin 'k v. 1 p.241-242 4*
Old Norse vidh aa vina 'k  
Norse/English "I (stay) with friend" 5*
     
Original English lenape of the  
Recorded sounds lennapewi  
Algonquin words lin   a piwi v. 1 p. 169
Old Norse hreina buui 6*
Norse/English (people who) are decent  
     
Original English turtle Appears to be wrong word 7*
Recorded sounds tulapewini Wini is a prefix. V. 1 p. 240 8*
Algonquin words tou a ppu v. 3 p.127
Old Norse dau fr by Correct Algonquin/Norse words
Norse/English deserted (solitude)  
     
Original English ?missing? 9*
Recorded sounds wini  p s   ak wiken Wini is a prefix V.1 p.240
Algonquin words win  pas   ak wiken v. 1 p 240, 150 & 237
Old Norse van basa thak vikja  
Norse/English under thick roof stronghold 10*
     
Original English in hollow houses living  
Recorded sounds woli    wikgun  
Algonquin words woalau   wiquom v. 1 p. 237 & 243
Old Norse ho la   veik inn  
Norse/English hollow to return (to) 11*
     
Original English together 12*
Recorded sounds witt   a    n'k "k" sound could have been "ek" (I)
Algonquin words wit   aw  emin 'k v. 1 p.241-242
Old Norse vidh  aa  vina 'k  
Norse/English "I (stay) with friend"  
     
Original English there  
Recorded sounds talli  
Algonquin words talli v. 1 p195
Old Norse thar  ii  
Norse/English there in  
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Notes
1* Maalan Aarum/Walam Olum words are spaced out to match Old Norse syllables.
2* The Old Norse "a" may have been retained by memory, while it fell from common Algonquin use.

3* The order of the MA/WO English phrases was changed to match the MA/WO words.

4* The "'k" sound is often dropped in Algonquin.

5* "I (stay) with friend" appears to be an idiom for "together."

6* Sherwin gives many examples to show that "lenn" came from "hrein."

7* Rafinesque may have guessed "tul" meant "Turtle" from the Algonquin word "Tulpe," meaning “sea turtle.”

8* Many Algonquin words show "wini" as a prefix. So, wini was added to next word.

9* May have been an honest omission, but may have been left out because "under thick roof stronghold" was not a believable statement to Rafinesque.
10* If this phrase had been written in English, comparison to Norse housing in Greenland may have occurred sooner.
11* "Veik" in Old Norse is often associated with home and with returning (to home).
12* The two "together" words, spelled differently but meaning the same thing, appear to be evidence that the Lenape Historian and the Moravian recorder of the sounds had verbal communication difficulties.
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3.2 Freezing
3:2

They lived where it snowed.
They lived where it stormed.
They lived where it was always winter.

3.3 Dream
3:3

While still in their cold land
They remembered longingly
the mild weather,
the many deer,
and also foxes

HUNTERS GO EVERYWHERE
3.4 Split
3:4

The poor, lonely, but tough men
became hunters and
left those living
in strong houses.

3.5 Mighty Hunters
3:5

Separated from home
like breasts on the same body
the hunters became tougher
extremely good and
they reached for the sky.

3.6 Explored All
3:6

The hunters camped
in the north, east,
south and west.

CHRIST TRUMPS ODIN
3.7 Mound Man
3.7

The man, who ruled
in that old, northern land
that they all left,
was baptized to be pure.

3.8 Soccers
3.8
The discouraged people
were worried about
worn out land
they had to abandon.
The priest said,
"We decent people
should go somewhere else."

3.9 Akomen
3.9
The common people
in the east stole away
the brothers
abandoned all
with great discouragement
and again discouragement

3.10 Driven

3.10
In a short while
the weeping, weak, dirty.
needy (people from)
the burnt land
saved themselves and
rested on the other side
3.11 Free Men
3.11
After moving down
from the snowy land
and discreetly leaving
the cousins separated
through out all the land
3.12 Open Water
3.12

Where there was little
pack ice in heaped ice
with a lot of snow drifts,
the white geese ruled
and the white bear ruled

3.13 Rich Father
3.13
Floating up the streams
in their canoes,
our fathers were rich.
They were in the light
when they were at these Islands.
THE DECISION
3.14Agreement
3.14

"Head Beaver and Big Bird
said 'Let us go to Akomen'"

3.15 All Will Go
3.15

All say they will go along,
All who are free to go.

3.16North East
3.16

Those of the north agreed.
Those of the east agreed.
Over the waters
Over the frozen sea
They went to enjoy it

THE MIGRATION
3.17 Stone hard
3.17

On the wonderful slippery water,
On the stone hard water, all went
On the great tidal sea,
Over the [puckered pack ice]

3.18 Big Mob
3.18

[I tell you it was a big mob]
In the darkness,
all in one darkness
To Akomen, to the [west],
In the darkness
They walk and walk,
all of them

3.19 men
3.19

The men from the north,
the east, the south,
The eagle clan, the beaver clan
the wolf clan,
The best men, the rich men,
the head men
Those with wives,
Those with daughters,
Those with dogs

3.20 They All Come
3.20

They all come.
They tarry at the land
Of the spruce pines,
Those from the east
Some with hesitation.
Esteeming highly their
Old home at the mound land